New figures for antibiotic consumption for livestock in EU

New figures for antibiotic consumption for livestock in EU

New figures for antibiotic consumption for livestock in EU

The European Medicines Agency has published figures for antibiotic consumption for livestock in Europe for 2018 for 31 countries.

On average, 103.2 mg per kg livestock was consumed in the EU. 25 countries have been part of the calculations since 2011 and in these countries, average consumption declined by approximately one third.

All species of livestock were included in the calculations. Unfortunately, it is still the case that most countries are unable to calculate consumption per species.
Denmark used 38.2 mg per kg livestock and thus consumed more than 60 per cent less than the EU average. Among the major pig producing countries, Denmark had the lowest consumption.

Figure 1 shows consumption for each country. 

Figure 1. Antibiotic consumption for livestock in 31 European countries.

 

By and large, Denmark and the other Scandinavian countries did not use critically important antibiotics, fluoroquinolones and 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins. Figure 2 shows consumption per kg animal of the two important types of antibiotics. These antibiotics should be reserved for use in humans as they are often used to treat life-threatening infections.

Denmark has also phased out the use of the critically important antibiotic, colistin.

Overall, it is positive that consumption is declining in many countries, but there are still a number of countries with a very high consumption. It is particularly notable that some countries still have quite a considerable consumption of fluoroquinolones.

Figure 2. Consumption of the critically important antibiotics, fluoroquinolones and 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, for animals in 31 European countries.

 

Jan Dahl

Chief consultant and veterinary

+45 33 394 406