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Global pig meat trade developments

Prices appeared to be faltering in a number of key global markets. The emerging threat of the spread of African Swine Fever in Russia was highlighted at the recent World Meat Congress.

Prices appeared to be under some pressure in a number of key markets in recent weeks. However some recovery is still forecast for the latter part of 2012.

Lower prices in China resulted in official market intervention by the authorities and producers were urged to cutback production.

Although Brazil has been identified as an increasingly important supplier to global markets in the longer term, pig industry representatives called for action by government to improve pig producers’ current difficulties.

However EU pig meat exports to global markets increased during the first quarter, but exports from Denmark were down by 10% compared to the previous year. Russia and SE Asia remained the primary destination for exports, with rapidly expanded tonnages shipped to China. Sales to South Korea fell back as the domestic industry recovered from the outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease in early 2011.

EU Pig Meat Exports by Country of Origin
000 Tonnes
Jan/Mar

  2011  2012 
Denmark  158.5 143.2
Germany 146.7 200.2
Netherlands 69.7 59.8
France 60.7 57.8
Spain 72.4 106.4
Poland 55.9 67.7
Other 227.0 159.6
 
Total 728.1 794.7
  
   
EU Pig Meat Exports by Country of Destination
000 Tonnes
Jan/Mar


  2011  2012 
Russia 196.9 203.2
Hong Kong 126.7 125.2
China 55.0 116.0
Japan 57.1 53.6
South Korea 64.0 49.9
Other 228.4 246.8
 
Total 728.1 794.7
  
Source : EU Commission

The potential risks of the spread of African Swine Fever (a highly contagious pig disease carried by ticks) in Russia were highlighted at the recent World Meat Congress.